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Jerusalem Cricket

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Jerusalem Cricket


Jerusalem Cricket is an insect of the Stenopelmatidae family. Its scientific name is Stenopelmatus fuscus. The native Americans called this cricket Woh-tzi-Neh or “Old Bald-Headed Man.” In Spanish, it is called “Nina de la Tierra” or “Child of the Earth.” Southwestern Indians once feared it, and called it “child of the desert.”


Jerusalem Cricket

Jerusalem Cricket

It is also called “Potato Bug” because it has been found in potato fields feeding on the roots and tubers of the crop. This is confusing as often the Potato Beetle that only feeds on above ground parts of plants is also referred to as the Potato Bug.


Jerusalem crickets have long brown antennae and a large brown head. Their abdomen is black with brown stripes. They are large insects and may be up to 2 inches long.


Jerusalem crickets are found throughout the western United States, along the Pacific Coast, and south into Mexico.Usually discovered while preparing the ground for spring or winter planting, this insect never appears in large numbers and is not considered a pest that requires control. Their numbers are kept in check by birds and rodent predators, fly and worm parasites, curious cats and gardeners' hoses.


Jerusalem crickets, are a vital part of many ecosystems. They give life to the night, forming the foundation of food chains across California. Bats, skunks, and foxes are among the many nocturnal animals that feast on the plump, 5- to 10-gram insects. While underground, where the crickets spend most of their lives, they gnaw at plant roots and dead animals, helping to aerate soils and recycle nutrients.


Jerusalem Cricket

Jerusalem Cricket

Life Cycle: The chirping that most people associate with crickets is actually a mating call done by males to attract females (as well as used to assert territorial dominance). After fertilization, adult females lay eggs through their ovipositors and cerci, which are located on the abdomen. The ovipositors are sword-like appendages that are used to deposit each egg into moist soil or moist, decaying plant matter.


It takes between 15 and 25 days, at minimum, for a cricket's egg to hatch into a baby cricket, which is called a nymph. Nymphs look like adult crickets, but they don't yet have developed wings, and females don't yet have developed ovipositors. They molt many times as they grow into adults.


It takes approximately 12 weeks for a nymph to become an adult cricket, depending on their environment. Adults have fully developed wings and reproductive organs. They can live both indoors and out, and their main predators as adults include birds, other insects, spiders, reptiles and rodents.


In warmer areas, crickets tend to develop faster, and there can be up to three generations every year. On the other hand, crickets that live in colder areas develop more slowly. Some lay eggs as the weather is changing and the eggs remain unhatched until the weather warms again in the spring. In this case, there may be only a single generation of crickets every year.


Jerusalem Crickets in one location to cause economic crop losses. On occasion, they have been a pest in commercial potato fields. They are not a problem in home gardens in Nevada and in fact, they may help reduce the numbers of other soil-borne pests. Not enough is known about them and their activity to declare them a pest or a beneficial insect.


Jerusalem Cricket

Jerusalem Cricket

When they are present it may be best to leave them alone. If plant damage by them is evident or suspected, physically remove and dispose of them. As described earlier, they make a good pet for a terrarium or they may be released elsewhere. Control may include baiting and trapping and as a last resort, the use of an insecticide. When the infestation is large and much damage is occurring in the garden or landscape contact the Pest control professional.


If you ever have any bug related questions feel free to call us either at Beyond Pest Control. Once again, and I can't stress this enough we are on call twenty four hours a day seven days a week to kill those bugs, we aren’t kidding whether you call us at 9 am or midnight we will be available to take your call and either get rid of the bug infestation, or answer any questions you may have concerning the bug issue.
I can honestly guarantee that there will be someone to answer that call. We make it our business to make you bug free!


If you have any questions about pest control check out the rest of our website or go to our blog at http://nypestpro.blogspot.com.



Beyond Pest Control.

Our pest control specialists service NYC & NJ and all boroughs including Queens, Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Long Island, Suffolk County, Nassau Country & Staten Island, Westchester County & Rockland County, Hudson County in New Jersey including Jersey City, West New York, Union City, Hoboken, Bayonne.

Jerusalem Cricket